The first question that may come into your mind is Why should I reference? The answer is very simple: not to become a thief. How can you steal someone’s thoughts and ideas for your own benefit without being punished? There exist a legal methodology of using other people’s inventions. It’s called referencing, i. e. acknowledging sources of information you have used in your work. There are many types of citation styles, each of them having its pros and cons. In this article you may find some useful information about Chicago Citation Style.
So, if your professor prefers this very style, look through our Chicago Citation Style guidelines given below and create your own masterpiece.
Chicago Citation Style: peculiarities
Chicago Citation Style has two different systems of documentation: the humanities style (notes and bibliography)and the author-date style. Choosing between them depends on subject matter and nature of the sources cited.
- The humanities style may be used in papers dealing with literature, history, and arts. It presents bibliographic information in notes or in bibliography.
- As for the more concise author-date system, it has long been used in physical, natural, and social researches. In this system, sources of information used are briefly cited in the text (often in parentheses). They are arranged by the author’s last name and date of publication.
You may look for both citation styles examples at http://www. chicagomanualofstyle. org/tools_citationguide.html – Chicago’s official website.
Referencing in Author-Date system tends to be more common.
Format Of In-Text Author-Date Citations
Parenthetical references should consist of three elements:
- The last name of one, two or three authors. For more than three authors use «and others». If there’s no author, use the first words of the title in the parenthetical reference and as the initial element in the reference list.
- The year of publication (separated from the first element by a space).
- The page or pages you are quoting or referrring to (they go after the second element, separated by a comma and space).
Chicago Citation Style referencing demand an alphabetized reference list after the body of the paper
Format Of Reference List Entries
- The beginning of each item in the reference list should correspond to the first name or title-word used in the in-text citations.
- The year of publication comes after the author(s) or title. It should correspond to the year used in parenthetical references.
- In titles and sub-titles of works only the first letter and proper names should be capitalized. In journal titles capitalize all significant words.
Our Professional Advice:
- Doublespace all lines
- Indent the second and following lines
- For series of page numbers, use an en dash instead of a hyphen.
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