Posted On September 17th, 2012 | Research Paper Writing
Research reports are number one at the hit parade of students’ worst nightmares. If the words “APA research papers” make you sweat, you are not alone. Check the following professional advice to avoid this trouble and write perfectly formatted papers with ease.
APA research paper: main parts
Firstly, APA research reports require the traditional elements of scientific papers:
- title page;
- literature review;
APA research paper: main recommendations
Secondly, APA research essays have to comply with the main format requirements of the American Psychological Association (APA). Here are some helpful tips for you:
- Include the words “running head” before the capitalized short title of your paper on the title page. E.g. Running head: THE EFFECTS OF GLOBAL WARMING. Left align it.
- Use the capitalized short title for the rest of the pages of your report. E.g. THE EFFECTS OF GLOBAL WARMING.
- Use Arabic figures as page numbers in the upper right corners of all pages (1, 2, 3…)
- Start a reference list on a separate page and call it “Reference List”.
- Use indentation for the second and following lines of your entries in the list of references. Make it like this:
Michalko, R. (2002). The difference that makes disability. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
- Do not forget to include for books the location of the publisher and the common abbreviation for the corresponding state: Philadelphia, PA.
APA research paper: citations and references
Thirdly, you should use the APA citation style for in-text (parenthetical) citations and entries in the reference list. Here are some good examples for you:
- Pollack et al (2011) stated that…
- (Polack, 2011) – at the end of the citation.
- Polack et al (2011) stated that … (p.48).
- (Polack et al, 2011, p. 48) – at the end of the citation.
Include the page number if you use a direct quote (a fragment that you copy and paste from an external source) or paraphrase of a specific sentence (or larger fragment) from the source.
Alicea-Alvarez, N., Helleir, S., Jack, L. & Lunbberg, G. (2011). A pilot study of chlamydia screening among high school girls. The Journal of Nurse Practitioners, 7(1): 25-28.
Carol, A., Stamm, R., Mcgreggor, J. (2011). An evidence-based approach to managing common sexually-transmitted infections in adolescents. Modern Medicine Retrieved from http://www.modernmedicine.com/modernmedicine/article/articleDetail.jsp?id=738937&sk=&date=&pageID=5
Murray, D. (1998). Design and analysis of group-randomized trials. New York: Oxford University Press.
Order your sources alphabetically and use double spacing between different entries as well as between the lines of one entry.
As you see, formatting APA papers can be easy. Feel free to use this easy-to-follow guide as your cure for insomnia or nightmares caused by the high standards of the APA citation style.