Asthma is a common disorder of the respiratory system. This condition affects both adults and children. This long-term disorder is untreatable. Doctors and caregivers should use long-term and short-term medicines to control asthma. This paper examines the effects of these medications. The paper also describes the effectiveness of the Stepwise Approach in asthma management.
Long-term Control and Quick-Relief Treatment Options for Asthma Patients
Long-term control drugs are used to prevent various symptoms associated with asthma. Such medicines also “reduce the level of airway inflammation” (Hardin, 2013, p. 19). The targeted treatment method depends on the severity of the condition. Patients should avoid every kind of allergen. Such allergens can worsen a person’s condition. Some of these drugs include Methylxanthines, Corticosteroids, and Immunomodulators. Most of these drugs can reduce various symptoms. However, high doses can produce systemic effects. The use of corticosteroids can cause growth delays in children. However, such drugs make it easier for individuals to complete their daily activities.
Physicians can also use quick-relief options for their patients. Such medicines are used to relieve specific asthma symptoms. Such drugs will produce positive results within a short period. Quick-relief inhalers will also produce positive results within the shortest time possible. A good example is short-acting beta-agonist. Some other drugs include Levalbuterol, Terbutaline, and Metaproterenol. The major side-effects associated with these drugs include “anxiety, restlessness, and tremor” (Applegate, Lauer, Lenart, Gatling, & Vadi, 2013, p. 6).
The Stepwise Approach: Asthma Treatment and Management
Patients and doctors should use the best Disease Management Plans (DMPs) for their patients. Every DMP should be executed in a safe and efficient manner. The Stepwise Approach is a systematic practice aimed at managing asthma. Doctors should “increase or decrease the frequency of medications depending on the targeted situation” (Arcangelo & Peterson, 2013, p. 28). That being the case, the initial treatment regime depends on the severity of the disease. Subsequent treatment regimes depend on the targeted symptoms.
Doctors should also assess every future risk associated with asthma. The risk of “an asthma exacerbation is critical whenever supporting the needs of different patients” (Bernstein & Levy, 2012, p. 28). Doctors should also consider the side-effects associated with different long-term medicines. The “Stepwise Approach also encourages patients to take their drugs as directed by their doctors” (Bernstein & Levy, 2012, p. 42). Patients should continue taking drugs even if they have no symptoms (Applegate et al., 2013). The approach therefore supports the health needs of different asthmatic patients.
How the Stepwise Approach Assists Patients and Healthcare Providers
The Stepwise Approach encourages many health care providers to control this chronic disease. Doctors and caregivers should examine the risks and symptoms exhibited by their patients. The next step is using appropriate medications. Health care providers “can use the approach to examine the frequency of side effects and asthma exacerbations” (Hardin, 2013, p. 85). This knowledge will make it easier for them to deal with various risks associated with the disease. An appropriate dose will therefore produce the required balance. The Stepwise Approach “encourage patients to take their medications in a proper manner” (Berger, 2014, p. 49).
Individuals should not stop taking their medications after their symptoms decrease. Every patient should avoid different allergens. A proper medication will “ensure every patient is symptom-free” (Bernstein & Levy, 2012, p. 48). Health care providers and patients should work together in order to achieve the best health outcomes.
Applegate, R., Lauer, R., Lenart, J., Gatling, J., & Vadi, M. (2013). The Perioperative Management of Asthma. Journal of Allergy and Therapy, 1(1), 1-7. Web.
Arcangelo, V., & Peterson, A. (2013). Pharmacotherapeutics for Advanced Practice: A Practical Approach. Ambler, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Berger, W. (2014). Teen’s Guide to Living With Asthma. New York, NY: Wiley.
Bernstein, J., & Levy, M. (2012). Clinical Asthma: Theory and Practice. New York: CRC Press.
Hardin, K. (2013). Asthma Compliance with Medications, Treatment, and Education. New York, NY: ProQuest Press.