“Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a nursing practice that is defined by the application of valid, relevant, research-based information in nurse decision making” (Barker, 2013, p. 5). Its key elements include evaluation and observation of the best evidence in solving problems. Professor Archie Cochrane, an epidemiologist, was the first person to emphasize the use of appropriate evidence in medical practice. Cochrane’s intention was to challenge doctors into using evidence-based information in their practice and make sure patients receive effective treatment.
As outlined by Cochrane, nurses are obliged to provide the best nursing care; health care that is void of medication errors (Barker, 2013). Thus, nurses should employ the evidence-based practice in their daily activities so as to minimize medication. It is also evident that the nursing profession changes with time, it advances scientifically. Therefore, nurses opt to employ evidence in their daily activities so as to advance clinical practice scientifically. The use of nursing-based practice also helps to avoid overdependence on borrowed evidence. On most occasions, the borrowed evidence is prone to making mistakes. Thus, nurses use EBP in order to reduce clinical mistakes.
Nursing activities rely very much on theories of development. It is also evident that EBP has to do with nursing theories. Thus, nurses use EBP in order to advance their understanding of the learned health theories. Additionally, observance and employment of theories in nursing activities aid significantly in providing the right medications to clients.
Innovations have also been found very effective in most fields. Their benefits and advantages are evident everywhere. The nursing profession is not an exception. Thus, EBP is one of the ideas that enhance the diffusion of innovations that aid in bettering health care provision.
Evidence-based practice involves carrying out research. Research in its turn is used to generate or validate existing knowledge. In nursing, research pays much attention the to people and nursing environment. Thus, nurses carry out extensive research in their activities so as to refine their perception of people and the nursing environment. Additionally, nurses use EBP in order to avoid making or repeating errors that were correlated to traditional trial and error methods (Schmidt and Brown, 2011).
Currently, evidence-based nursing practice is not optional. It is one of the requirements that enhance provision of quality health care. Additionally, EBP has been found to be so interesting. This is evidenced by its popularity in diverse academic settings. Thus, nurses employ it in their nursing activities to get motivated and develop good relationship with their clients.
Evidence-based practice also plays a significant role in doing away with worst clinical practices that disregarded the involvement of patients. This practice also contributes to the reduction of medication costs. Thus, nurses use it in their daily activities so as to meet the demands of their clients not only in time, but also at a very cheap cost (Keele, 2010).
In conclusion, evidence-based practice involves the use of evidence in supporting the decisions made by health care personnel. It plays a significant role in reducing medication errors that used to take place in health centers. Nurses employ it in their daily activities so as to provide quality health care to their clients. EBP practice also contributes to the reduction of medication costs and time spent on attending to patients. EBP is also a motivation element. Nurses use it, therefore, for developing good relationship with their clients.
Barker, J. (2013). Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses. New York: SAGE.
Keele, R. (2010). Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Schmidt, N., & Brown, J. (2011). BOOK ALONE – Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses. New York: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.