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Physical Activity and Health in Educational Institutions

Introduction

A physical education class is an activity that involves both physical and physiological inputs, it is well organized and has certain set of rules and regulations.These classes are mostly offered in educational institutions and also in medical facilities e.g., hospitals. This is an activity that enables a person to maintain fitness, regulates the body weight, increases body strength and enhances psychological well being of a human being. Frequenting these classes lowers the blood pressures and reduces obesity. Lack of physical exercise has direct negative effect to the human heart and this inactivity leads to coronary heart disease. Hardman & Stensel (2009) stated that “most beneficial effects of physical activity on cardiovascular disease mortality can be attained through moderate-intensity activity (40% to 60% of maximal oxygen uptake, depending on age)

Discussion

Factors for coronary heart disease:

  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Smoking
  • Hypertension
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Behavior patterns
  • Hemostatic factors
  • Hereditary
  • High levels of lipoprotein
  • Inactivity
  • Alcohol
  • Stress
  • High saturated fat diets
  • Antioxidants deficient foods
  • Obesity
  • Age factor

Hypercholesterolemia is a condition where there are larger levels of cholesterol in the blood. This is a condition whose presence in the body can lead to various diseases including cardiovascular disease. These cholesterol levels can be lowered by eating the proper diet for instance, diets low in chorestral they can also be lowered using medical care (Hardman & Stensel, 2009).

Tobacco smoking is a culture lured by many people all over the world. This is a habit which can lead to risks such as heart attacks, strokes, and cancer. Many people who are in this vice have discovered its negative effects and are now shunning the habits for example, in the United States the smoking rates are in decline since in the mid nineties to the year 2007 falling from 45% to 19.5%.Smoking also has an adverse effect to social responsibilities.

Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure, this is a situation where blood pressure is rises higher than normal in the arteries. This is one of the major causes of heart attacks and heart failure, it can also emanate to lower life expectancy. The various signs of this condition are; confusion, headache, vomiting, nausea and drowsiness. Good medication and proper diet can help cure this condition (Hardman & Stensel, 2009).

Hyperglycemia otherwise known as high blood sugar is normally a condition where high levels of glucose rare distributed in the blood plasma. For the glucose levels to be unusual they must go above 10 mmol/l (180 mg/d) (Hardman & Stensel, 2009). Glucose levels ranging above normal can lead to damage to the kidney, retina damage, cardiovascular damage and neurological damage.

Behavior patterns are the personalities of a person which might be considered risky and lead to coronary heart disease. This type of factor only deals with the psychology of the person and their behaviors (Hardman & Stensel, 2009). Hemostatic factors is the increase in levels of fibrogen and is mainly higher in people who take diets with high intake of fats.Fibrogen is made from fibrin which is involved in blood coagulation, platelet activation and protein polymerizasion.Excess generation of this can lead to thrombosis, which is a fatal disease (Hardman & Stensel, 2009).

Some diseases are caused due to hereditary issues and which are very unfortunate for these people; this is in the context of lipoprotein structure and that of the kinds. When lipoproteins levels shoot above the normal average they can be very fatal to the life of a human being. Lipoproteins levels are affected by the foods eaten, environmental conditions one is and lack of physical exercise. This condition can lead to diseases like, coronary heart disease, thrombosis, and atherosclerosis (Hardman & Stensel, 2009).

Inactivity is the lack of exercise. It is prudent for every human being to involve him/her self in physical fitness because it improves the health of a person and reduces the risk of any diseases.

Alcohol drinking is another cause of heart diseases; this activity can easily cause high blood pressures in the body.

Stress is another factor which causes coronary heart diseases. It can be defined as the response to the outside world due to demands and this can be caused by events of the surrounding environment. Stress can be managed by involving oneself in extra activities such as games or even reading, it can also be prevented through the change of attitude.

Saturated foods are also the main cause of heart diseases, intake of these fats leads to increase to the high levels of chorestral in the body. Saturated fatty acids are proponic acid, enathic acid and lauric acid (Hardman & Stensel, 2009). It is recommended that for a healthy life one should consume only the healthy diets which are full of nutrients and a good amount of water in a day.

It is unwise for any one to take diets which have low amounts of antioxidants; these are molecules which prevent oxidation of other molecules. The process of oxidation usually a chemical reaction which damages other cells. Antioxidants are supplemented by ingredients in the diets that are eaten (Hardman & Stensel, 2009).

Obesity is the excess accumulation of fat in the body; this condition can impede the proper circulation of blood in the main arteries of the heart thus causing a heart problem. Obesity can not only case heart attack but also cancer and diabeties.It is mainly caused by calories emanating from the diets we eat. Obesity is caused by, excess calories in the body, lack of exercise and smoking, temperatures, pollution, increase of medicines in the body (Hardman & Stensel, 2009).

Age is another possible cause of coronary heart decease, it comes about with a weakened immune system in the body and also the weakening of the essential body parts e.g. arteries which weaken and are not able to transmit blood properly.

Controllable factors

  • Smoking
  • Inactivity
  • Alcohol
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Behavior patterns
  • Antioxidants deficient foods
  • Obesity
  • High saturated fat diets
  • Antioxidants deficient foods
  • High levels of lipoprotein

Uncontrollable factors

  • Hypertension
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Hemostatic factors
  • Hereditary
  • Age factor

Definitions

  • Angina Pectoris: This is the obstruction in the artery thus causing problems in the transfer of blood.
  • Ischemia: This is resistance to blood flow due to restrictions in the blood vessel.
  • Atherosclerosis: This is a condition of the arteries becoming non elastic where it prevents the free flow of blood to and of the heart.
  • Tachycardia: This is the fast beating of the heart above the normal average.
  • Bradycardia: It is the heart beat of below the required normal.
  • Arrhythmia: It is the disruption of the regular heart beat.
  • Thrombus: This is away of blood formation thus causing restricted blood flow.
  • Embolus: This is the obstruction of the artery by a foreign object which has travelled through the blood.
  • Aneurysm: This is a condition which makes the vein bulge due to weakening.

References

Hardman, A. & Stensel, D. (2009). Physical Activity and Health: The Evidence Explained. London: Routledge press.